MAREMMA SURROUNDINGS

 

Parco della Maremma

parco-maremmaThe Maremman Natural Regional Park was founded in 1975; however, in spite of its reduced dimensions (approx. 10,000 ha) and the small amount of time that it has been in existence, in a short period of time, it has become a reference point for an ever growing number of people

In 1993, the Park of Maremma was honored with the European Park Diploma issued by the European Council.A visit to the Park surely offers an enjoyable and formative experience; however, limiting oneself to only one visit could be anticlimatic as the park is not a zoo – the animals are free in their natural habitat and unfortunately not always at our disposition.

Monte Argentario

argentarioMonte Argentario was most likely in origin an island subsequently “anchored” to the Tyrrhenian coast by the Feniglia and Giannella landstrips, and formed by the accumulation of silt transported by the rivers and sea currents.The first human settlement surely dates back to a distant era, confirmed by the numerous archaeological artifacts recovered both in the Cave of Straits and in that of the Cala dei Santi.Many of the caverns were inhabited, one of which was rather capacious:the “Cave of the Grand Duke,” called by this name in honor of Leopoldo of Lorena, over one km in length, which during its excavation revealed a small lake 50 m from the entrance. In regard to its geographical position, which places it at the center of the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Argentario was considered a ecure landing place by the first navigators.Of extraordinary strategic value, the Promontory was equipped with look-out towers and signals in order to better face the constant danger of raids by sea, among which should be remembered that of Pirate Khair ad Din called “Redbeard,” who in 1544 plundered and looted the village of Porto Ercole. The very first works of a defensive nature date back to the Bronze Age; however, only in the XV century under the rule of the Republic of Siena did a real defensive system that globally involved the coast of the Promontory begin to take form.Anyway, credit goes to the Spanish for having, in just a few years time, transformed Monte Argentario into a powerful war machine with a formidable fortified complex, superior in number and quality to that of any other in existence in Tuscany.In this manner, the State of Command was instituted that included Orbetello, Porto Ercole, Porto S. Stefano and Talamone, to which, in 1602 the fortified town of Porto Longone on Elba Island was added.The Promontory, entirely mountainous (635 m) is characterized by steep, rocky coasts, where one can admire the famous dwarf palm tree that spontaneously grows on site and is covered in thick Mediterranean bramble that alternates with olive, wine and fruit tree cultivation.The Argentarian economy, once exclusively based on fishing, now finds its main resource in tourism.

Giardino dei Tarocchi

argentarioThe Tarot Garden is located at the foot of Capalbio surrounded by the Mediterranean , a place full of charm and almost timeless . It is the largest and most challenging work conceived and created by Niki de Saint Phalle in 1955 , in Barcelona , he saw for the first time the works of Gaudi and from this experience he developed the idea of ​​building his own Garden of Joy , a place meeting between man and nature. The land was donated by his friend Marella Caracciolo Agnelli and work began in 1980.
The sculptures are inspired by Tarot cards that Niki was not just a game but also represented a metaphor for life : there is the Empress , in the form of a sphinx , the force represented as a woman holding a dragon on a leash , and the other 20 sculptures inspired by the major arcana .
One of his sculptures was added to some of his friend Jean Tiguely iron contraption , which contrasts with the colors and round shapes Niki , also , by the will of the artist, the friend, the architect Mario Botta has made ​​an entrance to the garden create contrast with his work : it is a stone wall , similar to that of a fortress , which emphasizes the division between the outer world and the inner one.
The creation of this garden was long and difficult , even for the strong arthritis that struck Niki during the works by preventing it from moving about , but the enthusiasm , faith and love for this project helped her to complete ‘ work in 1995.
For the artist’s desire can not be guided tours inside the Garden in order to safeguard the freedom of movement and atmosphere that require esoteric Tarot.

Terme di Saturnia

saturniaThis waterfall is very famous in Tuscany because is an open-air free hot spring. The waters of Saturnia Therme are sulphureous-carbonic-sulphate-bicarbonate-alkaline. The smell is quite strong because of the sulphurous. Bathing in these kind of water is indicated in the treatments of: digestive system diseases, female genital organs and female urinary tracts, nose and throat diseases, dental diseases and respiratory deseases. It’s eve used for arthrosis, rheumatism, osteoarticular diseases, vascular diseases and all kind of skin diseases.

 

Pitigliano

pitiglianoThe origins of Pitigliano, one of the principle hilltop towns of the Grosseto countryside, date back to the Bronze Age. The presence of the Etruscan civilization is evident in the remains of ancient necropolises and above all in the “Via Cave:” streets carved from tufa, volcanic rock; a dominant geological element of this territory.Pitigliano, throughout the various eras, haschanged hands many times:from the Aldobrandeschi to the earldom of the Orsini family until the XVII century when it became part of the Medici Grand Duchy of Tuscany and subsequently that of the Lorena family.Situated in a territorial environment rich in natural and historical-archaeological sites, Pitigliano represents an ideal starting point for unforgettable excursions. Moreover, our guests will find an assortment of high-quality wines chosen among eight DOC wines produced by the Province of Grosseto territories and cared for by the Sommelier, Signora Daniela, who is always available in the Agritourism to give advice and interesting bits of information about the world of wine, as she is part of the family that owns the business.

 

Capalbio

capalbioCapalbio, is the last council located in the south part of Tuscany. It’s surrounded by impressive fifteenth-century walls. The access to the village is thru an ancient seines style door. In the area it’s easy to find Restaurants which serve typical meal made with wild-boar and wildfowl. Besides its beautiful beach, characteristic from a dark color and favorite destination by an Elite tourism, just 20 km far away there are the beautiful Silver Coast’s wild beaches. The nearest promontory “Monte Argentario” offers a breath-taking spectacles with wonderful cliffs.

 

Castiglione della Pescaia

castiglioneCastiglione della Pescaia, an ancient village overlooking the sea is located between Punta Ala and Marina di Grosseto. The ancient part is a balcony over the Tyrrhenian Sea.It is the site of a tourist port that offers daily excursions to the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Castiglione della Pescaia vaunts very ancient origins:the first traces of populations in this zone date back to approximately 60,000 years ago, while the first urban settlement was situated in Vetulonia, the ancient city that the Etruscans founded near Lake Prile (no longer in existence).Instead, the Romans founded the village of Salebrone, famous for its mild climate, lake teeming with fish and surroundings rich in game.After the fall of the Roman Empire and the Barbarian raids, in 962 Castiglione was given to Pisa by Ottone I of Sassonia, Emperor of Germany.Pisa took advantage of the wealth, however neglected to take care of the shelving of the port and of the waters of Lake Prile, which became stagnant and led to rising malaria

Grosseto

grossetoGrosseto is the main chief town of Maremma, seat of an important Archaeological Museum where discoveries of the Etruscan civilization,
and famous Sienese painters’ paintings can be admired. The name of the town we find for the first time in a parchment dated 803 a.C., where the written testimony appears of a settlement “in-place Grossito” which in 973 a.C. is already a manor of Aldobrandeschi Royal Family. So it begun the “domain” of this powerful family of Lucca, which changed Grosseto from Castle to Court, and later on in “Civitas”, in the April of 1138, together with the transfer of the bishop’s seat of the ancient Roman-Etruscan town of “Roselle” to that “Grosseto”. The building boundary (still very well preserved) which frames the Grosseto old city center is dated between the 1573 and the 1593 under the kingdoms of Francesco I and Ferdinando I de’ Medici.

Massa Marittima

massaOld town, (almost 2.000 years) situated on a hill at 380 meters above sea level, and approximately 15 km from the “ Golfo del Sole”.
Massa Marittima’s history is closely linked to the mines of silver, copper, pyrite of the “Colline Metallifere”, exploited since the first metal age (3rd millennium BC) and then mostly in Etruscan and medieval-age. The mines were later reactivated from 1830 until 1970
Massa Marittima still keeps its Medieval style, the 14th century is the heyday economic, political, demographic and cultural, during this century were built the most prestigious artistic buildings and monumental, those that still characterize the urban structure of the village. You cannot miss the “Balestro del Girifalco” race between the Crossbowmen of districs of the city, but is also a very exiting historical evocation.

 

Vetulonia

vetuloniaVetulonia is an ancient Etruscan village which gave to the Romans the emblems of fasces and axe. Vetulonia – Holiday in aurora hotelVetulonia joins its maximum glory in the centuries between the VII and the VI b.C., it still retains many memories of its ancient power. After the Etruscans Golden-age, Vetulonia declined, and in the year 1181 they built the “Colonna” Castle, a fortified establishment, in order to defend the population. The Colonna Castle had impressive city walls which today still remain a few traces. Close to the village is located the famous Etruscan Necropolis. Nowadays there is lots of interesting tombs to visit, most significant are the “TOMBA DEL DIAVOLINO” and “TOMBA DELLA PETRERA”, you can see them both driving by the road direction “Buriano”. In the village you can visit an archaeological museum, newly opened, with finds of great value. You can also admire a suggestive hilly countryside landscape.

Siena

sienaSiena lies down on three hills between the sources of Arbia and Elsa rivers. It’s a industrial and agricultural centre, rich in works of art and monuments; it’s very important all around the world for his Palio. You visit the province during the whole year: in summer is a cool place, in winter for skiing sports and in spring for the beauties of nature. Founded from the Etruschi, Siena was a roman colony during the epic deeds of Augusto. It became seat of bishop in the ‘700 after the Longobard occupation, but in XI century was imposed itself as lay commune. Sour fights divided Siena from Florence, insomuch that Florence, in 1260, was defeated in Montaperti. After the governments of several lordships, the city fell under the imperial dominion and belonged to Mediceo’ State, then Lorenese State until 1859; in this date was annexed to the Reign of ltalia.